Iritis is an inflammation of the iris, a membrane that acts as a diaphragm between the eye’s anterior and posterior chamber. In the middle of this membrane is the pupil, of which the function is to control the amount of light entering the eye. Iritis can be regarded as a form of anterior uveitis since the inflammation affects the anterior part of the uvea.
Iritis is characterized by redness of the eye near the iris. Inflammation is accompanied by a dull yet moderate ache, as well as impaired visual acuity, since the vision can then become blurred or distorted. A medical examination may reveal the adhesion that occurs between the eye’s lens and the edge of the pupil. The affected subject has the impression of seeing small dots in his or her visual field and may experience headaches that are accompanied by a burning sensation. Iritis is often linked to iridocyclitis, an inflammation of the ciliary body, that plays a critical role in the eye’s aqueous secretion and visual accommodation. Iridocyclitis can be caused by joint inflammations or Behçet’s disease, although in children it is mainly caused by the Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome. The inflammation may be acute or chronic, in which case some infections such as urinary tract infection, sinusitis or dental abscesses promote its recurrence.
The homoeopathic remedies act on the cause of iritis by dilating the pupil and avoiding adhesion. The homoeopathic treatment consists of combining Euphrasia officinalis 5 CH, Mercurius corrosivus 5 CH and Rhus Toxicondendron 5 CH. Three granules of each remedy need to be taken alternatively three times a day. If iritis appears following exposure to cold, dry wind, opt for Aconitum napellus, a remedy that is also effective in case of traumatic iritis caused by injury or surgery to the eye. When iritis is linked to purulent ophthalmia, it is preferable to opt for Argentum nitricum. This disorder is usually accompanied by granular conjunctivitis and photophobia that is worsened by heat. The patient is subject to a swelling of the caruncle and, in some cases, pus develops in the eye’s inner chamber. Resorting to Hepar Sulfuris Calcareum can help treat this infection.
In case of iritis, it is advisable to consult a doctor as soon as possible. Indeed, it is important to treat the inflammation quickly since it quickly reduces the patient’s vision. Furthermore, the symptoms of iritis may be mistaken for those of closed-angle glaucoma.
• Rhus Toxicodendron
Good to know: Euphrasia officinalis is effective in treating iritis that is accompanied by severe ophthalmic pain. These symptoms often manifest themselves by tearing and blinking of the eyelids.