Phlebitis is an inflammation of a vein that can lead to the formation of blood clots. These clots affect blood flow by partially or completely blocking it. Superficial phlebitis usually affects the veins in the legs. It is caused by prolonged immobilization after surgery or by the fitting of a plaster cast. Those at risk are those suffering from venous insufficiency, women in late pregnancy and obese individuals. When inflammation reaches a deep vein, it is called deep vein thrombosis or thrombophlebitis. It occurs in the lower limbs. The migration of the clot into the pulmonary artery results in a pulmonary embolism. Persons at risk are the elderly and those that suffer from cancer or a blood clotting disease.
In case of superficial phlebitis, the affected vein and its surroundings turn red. It is also hot to the touch and becomes apparent on the surface, taking on the appearance of a hard cord. Often, the subject experiences pain on the area that is affected by the inflammation.Deep phlebitis is often invisible. However, the subject may experience a sensation of heat accompanied by numbness or pain in the thighs or calves. The calves and ankles are swollen. In some cases, the leg may have a swelling as well.
Basic treatment of phlebitis includes two daily 5-granule intakes of Hamamelis 3 to 6 CH, taken in combination with Pulsatilla, a remedy aimed at relieving heavy legs and pain that is aggravated by heat. Sometimes, the subject experiences heavy congestion accompanied by a feeling of heaviness and heat, symptoms that are worsened by heat and a prolonged standing position. In this case, it is recommended to take 3 granules of Aesculus Hippocastanatum 3 to 6 CH three times a day. For best results, this remedy can be taken in combination with Sulphur.
When the veins are greatly dilated, the skin is subject to cyanosis and the patient feels a bursting sensation accompanied by pain. In this case, it is necessary to administer 3 granules of Vipera 4 to 5 CH, 3 times a day. Sometimes the patient has symptoms of impatience, that is to say that he or she needs to regularly move his or her feet at night to avoid tingling sensations. Zincum metallicum 4 to 5 CH can be prescribed in such cases, as it is an remedy of proven effectiveness when it comes to relieve varicose veins and oedemas. Other treatment alternatives are Apis mellifica 9 CH, Arnica montana 9 CH, and Vipera redi 5 CH, of which 5 granules need to be taken each day.
A medical consultation is required where there is a sudden onset of pain or swelling in the legs. It should also be added that in this situation massages are not recommended, as they can prove to be dangerous. In any case, phlebitis is a medical emergency that should not be overlooked and that should be cared for from the onset of symptoms like numbness of the thigh or calf, or swelling of the leg or ankle. Thus, it is necessary to consult a doctor to rule out any risk of pulmonary embolism.
• Apis mellifica
• Arnica montana
• Vipera redi
Good to know: Homoeopathic remedies are effective to treat symptoms of phlebitis Their action can even be optimized when they are used in combination.